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Feedback provided at the moment something is
uttered by a student, which has the benefit of directing student attention to
an utterance right after it is spoken.
Indo-European Language Family
A language family of mostly European languages
that consists of 10 main branches. English derives from one of the main
branches, the Germanic branch.
A morpheme added to a word without changing the word’s part of speech.
Information Gap Activity
An activity in which one student knows something that the other doesn’t. Usually, students work in pairs and are given two worksheets with some information missing in worksheet A but present on worksheet B, and vice versa. Such gaps of information between learners give them a need and desire to communicate with each other.
Reading for details, such as vocabulary, main
idea, inferences, and author’s tone and purpose.
Listening with a specific purpose in mind (i.e., listening for details and selective information).
The musical patterns of speech, either raising
(e.g., in yes/no questions) or falling (e.g., in statements and wh-questions).
Motivation in learning that comes from within.
International Phonetic Alphabet. A
Latin-alphabet based system of phonetic notation
devised to help standardize representation of the sounds of spoken language.