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Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Refers to the field of professionals who teach English in a country where English is the primary language.


Test of English as a Foreign Language. An English proficiency test for non-native English language speakers wishing to enroll in U.S. universities.


Language learning that starts with an understanding of language before proceeding to break down complex concepts into the most basic parts of language.


Total Physical Response. A teaching technique whereby a learner responds to language input with body motions: “Stand up,” “Sit down,” “Put the pen on the table.” This technique was devised by James Asher.


Total Physical Response Storytelling. Similar to TPR, TPRS is a technique that gives opportunity for comprehensible input in the classroom by using body motions and gestures. Through storytelling, TPRS provides more context than TPR and also allows for grammar to be taught on a limited scale. 


Teacher Talking Time. The amount of time a teacher spends talking to his or her students. In order for a student to learn better, the teacher should limit how much time they talk in order to allow students to increase their amount of Student Talking Time.

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