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People’s attitudes, beliefs, and core values that
constitute the main part of our cultural differences. Some examples include our
attitudes toward gender, social status, age, raising children, perception of time, role of family, etc.
Feedback provided after the fact, once a student
has finished speaking. It allows a teacher to provide constructive comments without
interrupting student speech.
An assessment instrument or procedure that attempts to diagnose, or identify, a learner’s strengths and weaknesses, typically so that an efficient and appropriate course of instruction can be presented.
A teaching approach in which different
instructional methods and techniques are implemented based on the individual
needs of learners.
A phoneme (sound) containing two vowel sounds, one gliding into the second one.
A method of language learning associated with Francois Gouin and Charles Berlitz. Second language learning should model first language learning in that it should be learned directly; grammar is taught inductively with no explanations, the learner’s first language is not used in the class, and new vocabulary is introduced by demonstration. One of many highly idiosyncratic methods that were developed in the 1970’s.